IP Over Fiber and other

IP Over Fiber and other IP v6 dreams. It’s been a while, but I had to learn about IPv6 for my HP conference call. First trip was to do a search for ip v6 investment opportunities. Then thanks too Google Search right clicking, I got led to all kiinds of acronym explainers like

And then off to a host of acronyms MPLS FAQ. MPLS stands for “Multiprotocol Label Switching”. In an MPLS network, incoming packets are assigned a “label” by a “label edge router (LER)”. Packets are forwarded along a “label switch path (LSP)” where each “label switch router (LSR)” makes forwarding decisions based solely on the contents of the label. At each hop, the LSR strips off the existing label and applies a new label which tells the next hop how to forward the packet.

The initial goal of label based switching was to bring the speed of Layer 2 switching to Layer 3. Label based switching methods allow routers to make forwarding decisions based on the contents of a simple label, rather than by performing a complex route lookup based on destination IP address. This initial justification for technologies such as MPLS is no longer perceived as the main benefit, since Layer 3 switches (ASIC-based routers) are able to perform route lookups at sufficient speeds to support most interface types.

However, MPLS brings many other benefits to IP-based networks, they include:

Traffic Engineering – the ability to set the path traffic will take through the network, and the ability to set performance characteristics for a class of traffic

VPNs – using MPLS, service providers can create IP tunnels throughout their network, without the need for encryption or end-user applications

Layer 2 Transport – New standards being defined by the IETF’s PWE3 and PPVPN working groups allow service providers to carry Layer 2 services including Ethernet, Frame Relay and ATM over an IP/MPLS core

Elimination of Multiple Layers – Typically most carrier networks employ an overlay model where SONET/SDH is deployed at Layer 1, ATM is used at Layer 2 and IP is used at Layer 3. Using MPLS, carriers can migrate many of the functions of the SONET/SDH and ATM control plane to Layer 3, thereby simplifying network management and network complexity. Eventually, carrier networks may be able to migrate away from SONET/SDH and ATM all-together, which means elimination of ATM’s inherent “cell-tax” in carrying IP traffic

Tom’s Hardware Guide Mainboard Guide:

Tom’s Hardware Guide Mainboard Guide: Episode II: Attack of the Chipsets – Intel 845E and 845G for 533 MHz FSB and DDR-SDRAM – Conclusion: i845G Jay – i845E Nay For people who want to go Pentium 4 ‘B’, we recommend the following scenarios:
If you want top notch performance, consider i850E motherboards with officially unsupported PC1066 RDRAM and ‘not validated’ ICH4 south bridge. It will offer you the fastest Pentium 4 solution, USB 2.0 support, and maybe even Gigabit Ethernet. It lacks ATA133, as Intel does not support this standard.
If you look for good performance at a fair price, it’s either Intel’s 845G or VIA’s P4X333. The latter is not supported by the big motherboard makers, as VIA is still without a P4-bus license and the lawsuit between Intel and VIA remains. Technically, P4X333 offers ATA133 as well as AGP8x support, while i845G has its integrated graphics and the better PCI-performance.
For the time being, we don’t see a reason to recommend i845E until Intel equips it with DDR333 support.

Knowing Your Freshwater Bait (Non-Worms)

Knowing Your Freshwater Bait (Non-Worms) Knowing Your Freshwater Bait (Non-Worms)
Through centuries of trial and error, anglers have narrowed their bait choices to a few reliables. The following section covers the most popular non-worm bait for freshwater fish. (And by the way, the reason you find certain baits in bait shops is that they really work.)

So how does one go about putting a worm on one’s hook? There are three standard ways, and each is illustrated in Figure 1.

Knowing Your Freshwater Bait (Worms)
How to hook a worm… The simplest is to push the hook through the smooth or collar section of the worm (A).
It takes a little more finesse, but another method is to put the point through the top of the head and then out through the collar. It gives the worm great action when you move it through the water (B).
Texas rigging is just like the preceding method, except that you turn the hook around and bury the point in the collar so that the worm doesn’t hang up in weeds or rocks (C).

Trout – Baiting For Springtime

Trout – Baiting For Springtime Trout
Salmon eggs are a highly productive trout bait, especially on opening day. They’re the right size and shape, and in many instances, they are saturated with flavored oils for added enticement. Cheese-flavored eggs seem to be the most popular.
Salmon eggs come in a variety of colors. While red and yellow seem to top the list with fishermen, many anglers have switched to the new fluorescent colors, claiming that they’re more productive during the season’s first few days. And, for some unexplained reason, trout tend to be more attracted to various shades of red over many of the brighter colors.

The popularity of salmon eggs has always been quite high among early-season trout anglers, so high that hook manufacturers went to the trouble to design hooks specifically for use with salmon eggs. They are available in various sizes ranging from No. 8 to No. 14. These hooks have extremely short shanks and come in both turned-up and turned-down eye styles. When properly rigged, the hook can easily be concealed entirely within a single salmon egg. Consequently, the only thing the rainbow, brookie or brown actually sees, even in clear water, is the egg itself.

What do you do when your local tackle shop is sold out of salmon eggs? Make a quick stop at the corner convenience store. Most are open 24 hours a day, and they all sell cheese.
Most soft cheese products make great trout baits, particularly when you’re targeting trout that are fresh from the hatchery. Cheese oils rapidly disperse with the currents, often luring hungry trout from incredible distances. Additionally, soft cheese can readily be formed around a salmon egg hook and molded into pellet-shaped morsels. When all other forms of bait fail, a small glob of cheese may save the day.

The first person to use marshmallows for bait was either very creative or totally frustrated. Whatever the case may have been, it worked. Yes, those tiny cocktail marshmallows have saved the day for many trout anglers, especially during the season’s first few days. While marshmallows don’t resemble any form of trout food, hatchery or natural, they do emit sufficient odor to attract various species of fish. In fact, some anglers complain that they are too effective.
Marshmallows can be cut or torn into smaller pieces, then easily formed to cover a salmon egg hook. However, because they have a relatively high air content, marshmallows have the tendency to float. Therefore, a small piece of split shot, preferably BB size must be added to the line about 12 to 18 inches above the hook. This will place the bait close to the bottom. Be sure not to add more weight than necessary to hold bottom, while still allowing the bait to drift naturally. Add too much weight and you’ll spend most of your time trying to dislodge the split shot from snags.

While fresh corn, yellow or white, doesn’t seem to work well at all, canned, whole-kernel, yellow corn makes a great trout bait. Some believe this is because fine-ground grains are one of the main components in fish pellets, one of which may be corn. The list of ingredients on the side of the fish pellet can does not specify which types of grains are used, but corn seems to top the list of most commercially prepared fish and animal foods. If this is indeed the case, there’s a good argument for the use of corn for trout bait, particularly during the early days of the season.
Again, the bait should completely cover the hook. Depending on the hook’s size, this may require two or possibly three kernels. Fortunately, corn has a slight negative buoyancy, therefore, only one or two split shot may be required to maintain the proper depth. If the stream or river currents are somewhat fast, more weight may be required to maintain the correct depth.

While some designated trout streams mandate the use of artificial lures or flies only, many stocked streams permit the use of various forms of natural bait. Obviously, before fishing any body of water, it is a good idea to carefully scrutinize the regulations pertaining to that location. If it is permissible to use live bait, then the selection is almost endless. After feeding on fish pellets for nearly a year, newly stocked trout have two options: switch to natural foods or starve to death. A week or two after stocking, most trout will eat just about anything that comes along, especially if it looks perfectly natural.
Nothing is more appealing to a hungry trout than a fat, pink, juicy garden worm floating with the currents. Even when the weather has been too cold for the worms to occur naturally, trout will instinctively pounce on a properly presented worm. The key to success is proper presentation. As with all forms of bait, the hook should be well hidden. Additionally, if a piece of split-shot is required in order to reach bottom, use just enough weight to maintain the correct depth, while still allowing the bait to drift naturally with the currents.

The worm should be cast upstream at a 45-degree angle, preferably well above the head of the pool. Just as soon as the bait hits the water, close the reel’s bail and begin a slow, deliberate retrieve. Keep sufficient tension on the line to detect the slightest strike and also to gently lift the bait over the snags.

A few weeks into the season, trout will actively feed on minnows. While many states do not permit the use of native minnows, tiny fathead minnows are a good substitute, particularly when they measure no longer than 2 inches. The minnows can be either lip-hooked or impaled just beneath the dorsal fin, thereby keeping them alive and active as they drift through deep pools. Some anglers find that attaching a small, clear plastic float aids them in casting the minnow to the most productive locations, such as close to submerged boulders or close to an undercut segment of shoreline

Mountain Bike – Equipment Ultimate

Mountain Bike – Equipment Ultimate Cross Country Gear
March, 2002
by Mountain Bike Staff 2002 Cross-Country Gear Ultimate Cross-Country Spec Helmets Pedals Saddles Bar-ends Bar/Stem Gloves
For XC parts, lightweight is the name of the game, although the lightest part available isn’t always the best. The key is to find the lightest-weight part that suits your needs in terms of strength, stiffness and price. Here are our picks.

Fork: Manitou Mars Super, $500, Mars over SID for its better bushing durability and steering precision.
Headset: Chris King, $120, It will pay for itself 10 times over before you give it up.
Stem: Thomson, $80, Light, stiff, and a nice cosmetic match with the Thomson seatpost.
Bar: Easton carbon, $100, Light, durable and stylie.
Grips: Pedro’s Bobke’s Prayer Stix, $9, Thin, nice, and Bob Roll’s ugly mug is molded into the grip. Sweet.
Bar-ends: Control Tech Stumpies, $30, Give you an extra hand position and extra climbing leverage without adding more weight than necessary.
Seatpost: Thomson, $80, Clean, easy to adjust design, lightweight design.
Saddle: Selle Italia Flite TT, $120, A 165-gram, hollow-rail version of the classic.
Brakes/levers: Hope Mini, $200/wheel, V-brakes are old news-even for XC racing. Minis offer the best performance and durability of the lightweight lot.
Shifters: GripShift Rocket Shorty, $71, Unlike XTR, these allow you to trim your front derailleur’s position to eliminate chain rub.
Derailleurs (f/r): XTR, $96/124, Impossible to beat for weight, function and durability-especially in wet conditions.
Bottom Bracket: Dura-Ace, $66, Lighter and narrower than XTR, but compatible unless you’ve got a 73mm BB shell.
Cranks: XTR, $379, Stiff, strong, and attached to the best chainrings ever made.
Cassette: XT, $70, Better than XTR because of the gearing options and the 11-tooth small cog.
Chain: SRAM PC99, $36, We’ve broken every type of 9-speed chain we’ve tested-except this one.
Pedals: Shimano 95, $150, Light, stable, and easy to get in and out of. If you ride in mud, stick with Times.
Wheels: Mavic Crossmax Disc tubeless, $850, As wheels go, we like these because they’re light, strong and stiff.
Tires: Michelin Jet S UST (or Comp S), $50, The best performance in a semi-slick tire. For a knobby, go with the Comp S.

Total: $3,331

Hot Asus A7V333Raid Motherboard Bundle

Hot Asus A7V333Raid Motherboard Bundle – On Sale today! J & N Computer Services

IN STOCK New Asus A7V333 RAID Retail boxed Motherboard Bundle!
On Sale Today – Motherboard at $150 including UPS ground shipping, or take $30 off any of the bundle prices in the table below!

Motherboard has: USB 2.0, USB 1.1, UDMA-133, UDMA-133 RAID(0,1) controller, (2) Firewire 1394 ports. Board will use either PC2700 (1 piece CAS 2.5 included in standard bundle) or PC2100 memory. Advantage is in using PC2700.

We supply the Dynatron Copper Sink/Fan with the bundle.

Upgrade to Corsair CMX PC2700 CAS-2 Memory for $25 per 256mb!

Bundle includes: Motherboard, CPU from table, memory from table, Dynatron Fan, Assembly, Test, and Packaging.
128mb 256mb 512mb 1024mb
PC2700 PC2700 PC2700 PC2700
Duron 1Ghz $314 $350 $435 $603
Duron 1.1Ghz $336 $371 $456 $625
Duron 1.2Ghz $336 $371 $456 $625
Duron 1.3Ghz $352 $387 $472 $641
XP 1700 (1.46Ghz) $379 $414 $499 $668
XP 1800 (1.53Ghz) $383 $419 $504 $672
XP 1900 (1.6Ghz) $417 $452 $537 $706
XP 2000 (1.67Ghz) $461 $497 $581 $750
XP 2100 (1.73Ghz) $515 $551 $635 $804

$25Change memory to Corsair PC2700 CAS-2 (Price is additional cost per 256mb)
(-$20) Change to Non-RAID version of motherboard